For a developing economy like India which has a huge human resource availability, skill development is not only critical to achieve sustainable and inclusive faster but it also ensures decent employment to the growing young population.
Both skill and knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country. Higher and better levels of skills ensure that the countries adjust more effectively to the challenges and opportunities of world of work.
India has immense opportunities to establish its distinctive position in the world due to the abundance of capable, flexible and qualified human capital. However, there is a need to further develop and empower the human capital to ensure the nation’s global competiveness.
Training for skill development
Gujarat has taken the lead in training youth for a better future and equipping them with the skills to meet the increasing demand of trained and certified workforce by the local and regional industries.
It does not come as a surprise then that Employment Exchanges in Gujarat have been ranked first in the country in providing jobs since 2002. The skill training initiatives of the state government got another boost after Gujarat registered lowest employment rate in the country as reported in the June 2013 NSS All India Survey on Employment and Unemployment.
Initiatives like the “eMPOWER” (Electronic Manpower) aimed at ensuring the Information Technology (IT) and its benefits reach the underprivileged, have yielded results. The project has been targeted at grass root level and focuses on IT skill penetration at village level.
The project was conceived:-
- To impart skill training in Computer and IT technologies,
- To promote self-employment and entrepreneurship and rehabilitate the dropouts and improve employability
The courses were selected on the basis of employment and self employment opportunities available in local area and in cluster of villages.
The eMPOWER scheme is highly relevant as there is a significant rise in the demand for skilled manpower in the industries in the last couple of years. Projects like the highly employment intensive Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) is likely to generate more than 3 crore skilled manpower and the skill training initiatives of the state government has ensured a ready workforce.
The industry specific demand courses were launched after understanding the needs of the industry and based on the suggestions of representatives of the industries association.
Similarly, the Superior Technology Courses is outcome of demand for making available highly skilled and trained manpower. Courses related to four sectors were identified i.e. CNC, Automobile Service Sector, Chemical and Solar and are running at 37 centers with modern laboratory/ workshop.
Yet another initiative of the Gujarat government that caters to the requirement of the local industries is the Kaushalya Vardhan Kendra (KVK). The centers cater to fulfill the hard and soft skills needs of the industries both for the formal and informal sectors.
Set up in a village having a cluster of 7-10 villages, the population targeted for setting up a KVK is 10,000 for non-tribal area and 7,000 for tribal area. The initiatives also helps in reducing the digital divide and helps the vulnerable and excluded especially women to connect with the mainstream and achieve the objective of women empowerment.
The KVK courses have been designed on the basis of participatory approach to address local needs. The courses are chosen from the list of courses enlisted in the Modular Employable Schemes of Government of India and also customized courses developed by DET Gujarat as per the local needs of the State.
The courses were developed on WISH concept:
W- Women Oriented Courses.
I – Industry Oriented Courses.
S- Soft Skill and Service Sector Related Courses
H- Hard Core Traditional Courses.
The courses are aimed to increase the participation of women in these
skill-related courses by providing training facility at the doorstep by way of selection of trades popular among woman.
The increase in number of women trainees from 55,372 in 2010-11 to 65,734 (upto July 2013) shows its impact.
KVK project won the Prime Minister’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration for the year 2011-2012
To mark the 150 Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekanand, the government initiated a special drive under Swami Vivekanand Yuva Rojgar Saptah (Special drive for Industrial Job Fairs) to bring employers and candidates on a common platform.
High-skilled labour is the need of the hour in the ever increasing job market. India is already on the path of becoming the worldwide sourcing hub for skilled workforce. The educational system and schemes and initiatives of the government enhance the prospects of economic growth of the country.
The National Conference on Skill Development will provide a platform to all stakeholders and give an integrated view of development of skills and its sustenance in the economic market; showcasing sustainability.
The event brings together think-tanks, academia, industrialists and government officials to analyze and suggest avenues for India to take leadership roles especially in the field of innovation and sustainability. The event will also give opportunity to other states to learn from the initiatives of the Gujarat government and implement similar schemes to make the youth in their states job ready.